Poor Sperm Motility
Oligospermia(low Sperm Count) is the main cause of male Infertility, while some males are infertile because of poor sperm motility. Poor Sperm Motility is also known as Asthenospermia or Asthenozoospermia. However, some men do have a normal sperm count, but very poor sperm motility. At least 50% of sperm should be motile to indicate good quality progressive motility.
The term motility refers to the movement of a man’s sperm. Sperm receive a letter grade from A to D. Grade A are the fastest and straightest swimmers, while grade D sperm do not swim at all. Low Motility is diagnosed when less than 25-30 % of sperms move in forward direction progressively.
This condition can be treated by changing lifestyle, losing weight and incorporating changes in diet. Treatments like In vitro fertilization also help to treat poor sperm motility.
Healthy sperm motility is when the sperm has a forward progressions of at least 25 micrometers per second. If a man has less than that, it is termed as poor sperm mobility, asthenospermia or asthenozoospermia. There are different types of sperm motility issues, including:
- slow progressive motility.
- non-progressive motility.
- no mobility.
- Genetic factors.
- A medical conditioned left undiagnosed.
- Certain Work Condition which may cause trauma or repeated traums to the pelvic region such as Military, Painting, Driving etc.
- Disorder in the male accessory sex gland.
- Other lifestyle or environmental factors.
- Excessive heat.
- Excessive stress.
- Poor diet.
- Semen analysis: This test requires submitting 2 semen samples. This sample is placed at a room temperature and delivered to the facility within 30-60 minutes. If less than 40% of the sperm in the sample is motile, it is considered to be poor sperm motility. It is also used to detect the health of the male genital tract, ejaculation and accessory organs.
- Medicines like follicle-stimulating hormone or
- human chorionic gonadotropin to treat poor sperm motility caused by varicocele.
- Incorporating lifestyle changes like exercising regularly, avoid smoking and drinking, maintaining a healthy weight and reducing the exposure to cell phone.
- According to a study, by taking Selenium and Vitamin E supplements sperm motility may be increased up to 52 percent.
- In Vitro fertilization (IVF): IVF is one part of Artificial Reproduction Technique where fertilization is done by extracting eggs and collecting a sperm sample which is then combined manually in a laboratory dish and transferred to the uterus.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – IUI is also a part of Artificial Reproduction Technique through artificial insemination. IUI involves placing of sperm inside woman’s uterus, which reduces the need for the sperm to swim. This method is used when the sperm has a motility of at least 30-35 %.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – This is one of the most advanced procedure of Artificial Reproduction Technique(ART) Umbrella the process involves the injection of sperm directly into the egg to ensure fertilization. It has a successful fertilization rate of 70 to 90 percent.
- Other medications: Certain combination of vitamins or a medication called Clomid may increase motility and sperm count.
Using a Artificial Reproductive Technique such as IVF or IntraUterine Insemination (IUI) this help increase the chances of pregnancy. This is because they reduce the need for the sperm to swim on their own. Visit it a doctor if you fail to conceive even after 12 or more months of trying.
EvaIVF offers a low-risk way to treat Poor-Sperm Motility. Our team of experienced and skilled doctors make life at hospital a painless one and guarantee a speedy recovery.